Bed bugs are small, wingless insects that feed on the blood of animals and human. They crawl out at night and bite you when you sleep and leave behind red, itchy bumps. They can fly but they can move quickly over floors, walls, and ceilings. As they are not attracted to dirt, a bed bugs infestation has nothing to do with your personal cleanliness.
They are most commonly found in short term accommodation like hotels. They tend to crawl from an infested furniture and bedding into your luggage and ready to infest your home when you return. Once they come in your home, they can spread easily from one room to another. There is not a quick way to get rid of a bed bug infestation. It can take weeks to months to control the infestation problem completely. It also depends on the nature and extent of the infestation. You can use these tips to prevent bed bugs from your house.
Ways to Prevent Bed Bugs:
1.) Inspecting to Get Rid of Bed Bugs
Identifying their hideout is crucial for their exterminiation. When you are insepecting for these creatures check for live and dead bugs, rusty stains caused by the bugs being crushed, small spots of reddish black fecal material, cream colored tiny eggs and pale yellow skins that nymphs shed as they grow.
- The most common places where they hide are in your mattresses, cushion seams, behind the headboards, in the folds of curtains, along carpet edges, the junction where the wall and ceiling meet, under loose wallpaper, in electrical receptacles, crack in wood molding and other dark cracks and crevices.
- Bed bugs most often where people sleep because you are their source of food. Also remember that they tend to prefer wood or fabric over plastic and metal.
- When you will inspect them disinfect any infested areas. Seal up any cracks or crevices around baseboards and molding that the bed bugs might be using to hide.
2.) Reducing Clutter to Stop Bed Bugs
Cluttered areas are excellent for bed bugs to hide in. when you are fighting bed bugs, reducing clutter in your house is critical. It will also make inspection and treatment easier. Make sure to do not spread the bugs by moving clutter to the other rooms.
- To get rid of all the magazines, newspapers and items like clothing that you no longer use is a good place to start when moving excess clutter. Discard infested items that cannot be washed, use steam or heat cleaned. Replace an infested mattress if it has holes or tears. Those items which is heavily infested ,bag them before discarding.
3.) Vacuuming to Prevent Bed Bugs
After identifying the infested area and removing the clutter, you need to vacuum your house to help suck up most of the bugs and their eggs. You may also have to scrape the end of your vacuum attachment over the infested area to help to dislodge the eggs. Make sure to get rid of the trash in a sealed bag if you empty the vacuum. Vacuuming will help you to prevent bed bugs.
- Vacuum the carpet floor and your entire house, mainly the areas that are infested. Also vacuum your entire your entire mattress, box spring, bed seams, bed frame and joints. As wood and fabric are bed bugs favorite place s make sure to vacuum items made of these materials, even the ends of your curtains. Make sure to cover all the cracks and crevices before vacuuming so they can’t run there to hide. Try to vacuum your house at least once a week.
4.) Laundering to Stop Bed Bug Infestation
Wash your infested clothes and bedding from hot water and dry them on a hot cycle is effective way to prevent bed bugs. A sustained temperature of 50 degrees Celsius or 120 degrees Fahrenheit can help to kill these bugs at all stages of the life cycle.
- Wash all your clothes, sheets and other bedding at the hottest possible setting for about 30 minutes or more. To eliminate the chance of survival wash the entire load twice. Then place all the clothes in the dryer and run it on high heat for about 20 minutes. For items that can only be dry cleaned, use a hot dryer for at least half an hour.
5.) Steaming to Prevent Bed Bugs
It is an effective method to kill all the stages of bugs. Steam cleaners emit steam at a minimum temperature of 100 degrees Celsius and bed bugs generally die at eh 50 degrees Celsius for about 120 degrees Fahrenheit.
- Steam clean your infested mattress, upholstery and the items that cannot be washed. You can go for dry steam or a low vapor steamer that leaves behind less moisture. To be effective steam treatment you should wash them for a sustained period and may need to be repeated.
6.) Freezing to Kill Bed Bugs
Putting small items in the freezer can help to prevent bed bugs. A direct one hour exposure to the temperature of 0 to 16 degrees Celsius or 3 degrees Fahrenheit can kill all the stages of bed bugs, including their eggs.
- Decontaminate small infested household items in your freezer for at least 1 hour. Make sure to set the temperature below 16 degrees Celsius. Higher temperature will not be effective. It is found that bed bugs can survive at temperature above 12 degrees even after 1 week of continuos exposure.
7.) Diatomaceous Earth to Get Rid of Bed Bugs
You can get rid of bed bugs and using food grade diatomaceous earth. It is a non toxic chalky substance that can help to kill these pests organically. The power is derived from the fossilized remains of hard shelled algae called diatoms. Diatomaceous is one of the best way to prevent bed bugs.
- It is harmless to human, its tiny particles cut the waxy shells of bed bugs can cause them to become dehydrated and die. It acts as a mechanical barrier as the bed bugs avoid crawling through it.
- You need to spread a small amount of this chalky substance around your house, including areas where the wall meets the floors, behind light switch face plates, where carpet meets the walls behind picture frames, on baseboards and into all the cracks and crevices. You will also like to dismantle your bed and lightly dust the powder on all the joints and crevices.
- Make sure to use food grade diatomaceous earth. A light dusting will come, if you will use a lot of diatomaceous earth and it becomes airborne. You also need to wear a dust mask to avoid getting an fine particles in your lungs. As long as it stays dry, diatomaceous earth will continue to work even for after months.
8.) Tea Tree Oil to Prevent Bed Bugs
This oil can help to prevent bedbugs from the house.
- First, you need to clean the house thoroughly, from top to bottom.
- Then wash all the clothing and bedding with a few drops of tea tree oil added.
- Vacuum and wash all the carpets.
- Take all beds apart and spray them all down with the tea tree oil.
- Apply pest control spray around the entire house. To make this spray
- Mix 18 oz of water with 18 drops of tea tree oil and spray this solution to the entire house. The beds, carpets, and furniture.
- You can even use wintergreen alcohol to kill the bed bugs instantly. It is very inexpensive and easily accessible. You need to pour the wintergreen alcohol into a spray bottle and spray the solution directly on the bedbugs and nests. The wintergreen burns the bugs when they come in contact. You can also drench your box spring and mattress with this as well to prevent bed bugs.
9.) Insecticides to Kill Bed Bugs
Insecticides are applied as a spot treatment to cracks and crevices where bed bugs are hiding. To increase the penetration of insecticides into cracks first remove the dirt and debris using a vacuum cleaner. Many readily available aerosol pesticide spray will cause bed bugs to scatter and make eradication more difficult. You should use dust formulation to treat wall voids and attics. Repeat the insecticide application if the bed bugs are still present even after two weeks of initial treatment.
10.) Silica Gel to Prevent Bed Bugs
Grind up some crystal silica gel and apply it all over in your bedroom put some on your mattress, along with the wall, and around the bed. The fine silica gel will get stuck to the bug and it cannot be shaken off and cause the bug to dehydrate and die. Be careful not to inhale it. If you have a cat, change the cat litter within 5 days so the newly hatched eggs will dehydrate too. Repeat for 5 weeks.